• Market performance in October highlights a larger trend that investors have been seeing throughout 2018. Specifically, traditional equity market indexes have generated relatively low returns YTD while volatility has increased compared to 2017.
  • As we noted in June, this has historically occurred the year following a “low-volatility year.”1 After returning nearly 20% last year, the S&P 500 Index has returned just 2.7% YTD. Meanwhile, realized volatility has nearly tripled, from just 5.3% in 2017 to 15.3% in 2018.2
  • Notably, investors have not been able to turn to other major markets to generate higher returns. Small-cap U.S. stocks have declined 1.3% while international stocks have fallen more than 10%.3
  • Traditional fixed income markets have also faced challenges this year. The Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index is down over 2% year to date as traditional safe-haven investments, such as Treasuries and investment grade corporate bonds, have underperformed shorter-duration investments.
  • Recent volatility has been driven by investors focused on the possibility that global economic growth could dampen in 2019, corporate earnings growth may soften or geopolitical concerns could become further aggravated.
  • Against this backdrop, investors may be well served preparing for the potential for a more muted return environment compared to recent years, coupled with periods of heightened volatility.

1 A “low-volatility year” refers to any year whose volatility falls within the lowest 10% of all years since 1928.
2 Bloomberg, Macrobond as of October 25, 2018.
3 Bloomberg, YTD as of October 25, 2018. Small-cap stocks are represented by the Russell 2000 Index. International stocks are represented by the MSCI EAFE Index.

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